Few salient facts about Typhoid fever

Typhoid does not affect animals and therefore transmission is only from human to human.
Typhoid can only spread in environments where human feces or urine are able to come into contact with food or drinking water.
Careful food preparation and washing of hands are crucial to preventing typhoid.
Typhoid fever in most cases is not fatal.
Prompt treatment of the disease with antibiotics reduces the case–fatality rate to approximately 1%.
When untreated, typhoid fever persists for three weeks to a month.
Resistance to common antibiotics is now common
Typhoid that is resistant to common antibiotics is known as multidrug–resistant typhoid (MDR typhoid).
Ciprofloxacin resistance is an increasing problem, especially in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
Azithromycin is a new drug for drug–resistant typhoid.
Typhoid vaccine taken every three years is the best preventive approach.

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