#World No #Tobacco #Day #2019 #health

“World No Tobacco Day” 2019

“World No Tobacco Day” is on 31st May. It is observed every year, all over the world to draw the attention of policymakers, law enforcers, public, towards the health hazards of Tobacco, and advocating for policies to reduce its consumption, be it in any form like smoking or chewing.

Every year WHO gives a theme for the World No Tobacco Day. The theme this year is “Countries to Work together to end the illicit trade on Tobacco Products”.

Tobacco is the leading cause of morbidity, mortality & impoverishment
Tobacco kills nearly 60 lakhs (six million) people each year, of which more than 600 000 are non-smokers dying from breathing second-hand smoke. Tobacco caused 100 million deaths in the 20th century. As per current trends, it may cause one billion deaths in the 21st century. If no action is taken now, tobacco-related deaths will increase to more than eight million per year by 20130. Unfortunately, 80% of these deaths will be in low & middle-income countries, and we are one of them.
Tobacco-related diseases are responsible for one in 10 adult deaths worldwide.
Every 6 seconds, one person dies of tobacco-related disease.
In India alone, it kills nearly 8 lakh people per year.
A study has shown that every day 55,000 new children take up tobacco habits in India, whereas a mere 2% of Indian adults quit the habit, that also, often only after falling ill. ICMR has also shown that out of 100 young smokers today, nearly 50% are going to die of tobacco-related disease. People who smoking and/or chew tobacco are likely to have:
Fifty times more chances of getting oral cancer.
Twelve times more likely to die from lung cancer.
Ten times more likely to die from some form of lung disease.
Ten times more likely to die from cancer of the larynx.
Six times more likely to die of heart disease.
Twice as likely to die of a stroke.
And the list goes on & on …

There is a plethora of evidence-based information on the health hazards of tobacco, most of which are also well known to our IMA Doctors. They are also aware of its menace to the Patient, family & Society.

International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) has notified tobacco dependence as a disease. The 5As (Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, Arrange) if followed by doctors, help a great deal in Tobacco control and also increase the Quit rate.

    

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